Do I need permission to use the measures?

The measures are available to researchers at no cost. Please fill in the form on this page to receive instant access the measures. There is no review process. We do, however, keep your basic information for our files.

How long does it usually take to administer the measures?

Administration takes approximately 10 minutes, but researchers should be prepared to take longer if participants require clarification of the items.

How do I score the measures?

The CYRM and ARM are measures which are meant to be directly summed - the score is then used to compare individuals in the sample on their levels of resilience. We have found that the higher the score, the more these resilience resources are present in the lives of participants and the more likely participants are to do well under stress.

Are there cut-offs, thresholds, or norms?

As resilience varies between contexts, we recommend analyses within your own sample to determine those who score high and low on the measure. Previous studies have used high/low groupings by average scores, median splits, or by looking at the top and bottom 10 or 25% scorers.

For those requiring clear thresholds, we provide some tentative boundaries in the manual for the measures.

I used an older version of the CYRM/ARM. Can I still interpret my scores the same way as the CYRM-R / ARM-R?

If you used a version of the CYRM or ARM with more than 17 items (e.g., the CYRM-28, ARM-28, CYRM-58, etc), then you can analyse your results just using the 17 items of the CYRM-R/ARM-R. Check the manual and measure to confirm these items.

One or more of the statements in the measure might be difficult for my study’s population. Would it be permissible to change/adapt it the statement and still mostly retain the psychometric properties of the measure?

Statements in the measures can be changed and adapted, but researchers should note that previous validation or reliability information may no longer apply. However, if you have adapted the measure, we provide guidance to run your own validation and reliability analyses in the accompanying manual.

Where can I find the CYRM-58/CYRM-28/CYRM-12/ARM-28/ARM-12/CYRM-26?

Following more than a decade of work with measures, we now currently recommend the 17-item CYRM-R and ARM-R. For those that are interested in obtaining older versions of the measures, these can be found in the ‘Archive’ section of the downloads page. Please note that we no longer support these measures.

What are the available language translations for the CYRM/ARM?

The Resilience Research Centre does not officially offer the measures in any language other than English; however, some users have provided translations in the following languages:

  • Albanian
  • Arabic
  • Bengali
  • Chinese
  • Farsi
  • Filipino
  • Finnish
  • French
  • German
  • Hindi
  • Indonesian
  • Italian
  • Korean
  • Lugandan
  • Portuguese (Portugal and Brazil)
  • Setswana-Tswana
  • Slovenian
  • Spanish (Spain and Latin America)
  • Turkish
  • Urdu

Although we cannot guarantee the accuracy of any research using a translated version, we provide these translations on our download page as reference.

I have a question that was not answered in the manual or this FAQ. Where can I get help?

Staff at the RRC are committed to offering tools and services for research and evaluation projects concerned with the well-being of children, youth, adults, families, and communities. Although the measures will always be available to researchers at no cost, we are no longer able to offer consultation for free. Due to the high volume of requests, any further help will now be offered on a cost recovery basis. To have someone from the RRC consult on one of your projects, please fill out the form on this page.