There are no costs or special permissions required to use the measures, provided that:
- No changes are made to the measures other than those authorised by the RRC or outlined in the manual as normal procedures for cultural and contextual adaptation;
- The measures are used for not-for-profit purposes and not for commercial purposes (if you wish to use the measures for profit/commercial purposes, please get in touch with us);
- Any reproduction of the measures is accompanied by the appropriate copyright information (see manual);
- Any report or publication involving the measure is accompanied by the appropriate citation/reference (see manual);
- The measures are not sold.
Please fill in the form on this page to receive instant access the measures. There is no review process. We do, however, keep your basic information for our files.
Administration takes approximately 10 minutes, but researchers should be prepared to take longer if participants require clarification of the items.
The CYRM and ARM are measures which are meant to be directly summed - the score is then used to compare individuals in the sample on their levels of resilience. We have found that the higher the score, the more these resilience resources are present in the lives of participants and the more likely participants are to do well under stress.
As resilience varies between contexts, we recommend analyses within your own sample to determine those who score higher and lower than others on the measure. Previous studies have created high/low groups using average scores of the whole group, median splits, or by looking at the top and bottom 10% or 25% scorers.
For those requiring clear thresholds, we provide some tentative boundaries in the manual for the measures. You can also see the results of other studies on our 'Properties' page.
Please check the Properties page. This page lists all the studies we know about that have used the CYRM and ARM and contains details of the various types of groups and contexts studied.
Yes, the measures have been used to assess the efficacy of interventions in pre-post and longitudinal designs. For an example, see Katisi et al. (2019): https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10566-019-09497-6. For other examples, see the table on the 'Properties' page.
If you used a version of the CYRM or ARM with more than 17 items (e.g., the CYRM-28, ARM-28, CYRM-58, etc), then you can analyse your results just using the 17 items of the CYRM-R/ARM-R. Check the manual and measure to confirm these items.
Statements in the measures can be changed and adapted, which may be important for your particular setting, but note that previous validation or reliability information may no longer apply.
However, if you have adapted the measure, we provide guidance to run your own validation and reliability analyses in the accompanying manual.
Following more than a decade of work with measures, we now currently recommend the 17-item CYRM-R and ARM-R. For those that are interested in obtaining older versions of the measures, these can be found in the ‘Archive’ section of the downloads page. Please note that we no longer support these measures.
The Resilience Research Centre does not officially offer the measures in any language other than English; however, some users have provided translations in the following languages:
- Portuguese (Portugal and Brazil)
- Spanish (Spain and Latin America)
Although we cannot guarantee the accuracy of any research using a translated version, we provide these translations on our download page as reference.
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Staff at the RRC are committed to offering tools and services for research and evaluation projects concerned with the well-being of children, youth, adults, families, and communities. Although the measures will always be available to researchers at no cost, we are no longer able to offer consultation for free. Due to the high volume of requests, any further help will now be offered on a cost recovery basis. To have someone from the RRC consult on one of your projects, please fill out the form on this page.